VITTORIO EMANUELE II
this monument was built between 1895 and 1911 to honor Victor Emmanuel, the first king of unified Italy. It is made of pure white marble and features majestic stairways, tall corinthian columns, fountains, a huge equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel and two statues of goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas.
is the largest (27.6 meters high and 21 meters wide) and most ambitious of the Baroque fountains of Rome.The fountain is at the juncture of three roads and marks the terminal point of the Aqua Virgo, one of the ancient aqueducts that supplied water to Rome.
BASILICA OF SAINT JOHN LATERAN
is the cathedral church of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Pope. Officially named Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris, it is the oldest and ranks first among the five major basilicas, and holds the title of ecumenical motherchurch among Catholics.
Capitoline Hill is one of the most famous and highest of the seven hills of Rome. It was the site of a temple for the Capitoline Triad: the gods Jupiter, his wife Juno and their daughter Minerva. It was considered to be one of the largest and most beautiful temples in the city.
the Colosseum is eliptical in shape and was built between 70 and 76 AD by Emperor Vespasian. It had a capacity of about 50,000 spectators and Romans enjoyed going to the stadium to watch blood sports between gladiators and wild beasts.
the Roman Forum is located in a valley that is between the Palatine and Capitoline hills. The Forum was once the marketplace, business district and civic center of Rome. It was expanded to include temples, a senate house and law courts.When the Roman Empire fell, the Forum was buried and forgotten, until it was rediscovered by archeologists.
ST. PETER IN CHAINS
is most famous for housing Michelangelo's statue Moses.The basilica was first built in the middle of the 5th Century to house the relic of the chains that bound Saint Peter while imprisoned in Jerusalem.
SAINT MARY MAJOR BASILICA
this is Rome's major church dedicated to Saint Mary. Santa Maria Maggiore was built in 431 A.D. and the apse was rebuilt in the 13th century. The basilica is rich in works of fine art, like the frescos by Guido Reni and the coffered ceiling by Giuliano Giamberti.
Quirinal Hill is home to the palazzo del Quirinale, the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic and an important symbol of State.
the Domus Aurea or "golden house" was one of Emperor Nero's most extravagant projects. Being his personal residence the residential interiors were extravagantly crafted in gold. These series of buildings were constructed over a landscaped "countryside" that once included an artificial lake.